SEDATIVE versus TRANQUILIZER
While people tend to think sedatives & tranquilizers are indistinguishable, they are actually very different and have disparate effects on our horses.
Here are some notable differences between the two drug types:
What is a SEDATIVE?
Sedatives include a variety of drugs, all of which work by depressing the central nervous system. Xylazine (Rompun®), Detomidine (Dormosedan®), Diazepam (Valium®), Barbiturates and benzodiazepines are the most common forms used in equine veterinary medicine.
Sedatives, also known as depressants, slow both mentation and body functions. Alcohol produces sedation in humans.
What is a TRANQUILIZER?
Tranquilizers are central nervous system-depressant drugs classified as sedative-hypnotics. Tranquilizers are classified into two main categories:
Tranquilizers impair nerve communication between brain and body. Acepromazine, reserpine and ketamine are common tranquilizers used in horses.
It should be noted that recommended doses will typically achieve optimum results. Higher (unwarranted) doses may only serve to increase the amount of negative side effects associated with a particular drug. Remember all drugs have negative side effects, and some may even seem to go against prescribed indications.
|The Atlanta Equine Clinic - 2014|